The New Fulfils Parts Of Other Older Covenants


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The New Covenant is a fulfilment of many aspects of God’s covenants with Abraham, Moses and David.

Those parts of the Abrahamic Covenant fulfilled in the New Covenant are as follows:


·         Galatians 3:16 reveals Jesus Christ was the glorious Person of Whom God spoke to Abraham as his “Seed”: “Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He does not say, “And to seeds,” as of many, but as of one, “And to your Seed,” who is Christ.” Jesus Christ was a descendant of Abraham. God’s original promise about Abraham’s Seed is found in Genesis 22:18: “In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed…”

·         All nations would be blessed enormously through the Gospel which was announced in a limited form to Abraham but was fully revealed in the New Covenant. Galatians 3:7-9 states: “…And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the nations by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” So then those who are of faith are blessed with believing Abraham.” The blessing referred to here is God becoming our personal God (see Genesis 17:7) and the glorious justification by grace this implies.


Those aspects of the Old Covenant fulfilled in the New Covenant are these:


·         Jesus’ death fulfilled the ceremonial aspects of the Law of Moses related to sacrifices and offerings for sins (see Hebrews Chapters 8, 9 and 10:1-18). For example, Jesus’ death fulfilled the Day of Atonement (see Hebrews 9:6-28) and the Passover Feast (see John 1:29, 19:36 compared to Exodus 12:46 and Numbers 9:12; 1 Corinthians 5:7).

·         Jesus perfectly fulfilled all the moral commands found in the Law of Moses (see Matthew 5:17-18).

·         The Sabbath was fulfilled symbolically in the sense of believers entering into God’s rest from their own self-reliant works (see Hebrews 3:7-4:11). New Covenant believers now do their works or actions reliant on God Who empowers them to do His will. Note in Hebrews 3:7-4:11 which is the passage on the believers’ Sabbath rest in God, trusting dependant faith and resulting active obedience to God’s known will are continually emphasised as the key features of it. God’s Sabbath rest is not a state of self attempting to obey Him by its own power. Nor is it a state of totally passive do-nothingness.

·         The Feast of Weeks (see Leviticus 23:15-22 and Deuteronomy 16:9-12) has been fulfilled through the outpouring of the Holy Spirit which began on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1-21 and 33).


Those parts of the Davidic Covenant fulfilled in the New Covenant are:


·         The Davidic Covenant predicted one of David’s descendants would be appointed by God as the King or Supreme Ruler of all humans – Israelite and non-Israelite. This was fulfilled in the New Covenant through Jesus Christ. Isaiah 55:3-5 relates to these things. Luke 1:31-33 records God’s angel said to Mary: “And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end.” Read also Ezekiel 37:21-27.

Jesus Christ is the saving Ruler or King of all believers under the New Covenant (see 1 Corinthians 1:2, Colossians 1:13-14 and 1 Thessalonians 1:6) and punishing Ruler of all people who reject Him (see Revelation 19:11-21).


Bible Study Questions


1.       Which parts of the following covenants are fulfilled in the New Covenant:

a)      the Abrahamic Covenant

b)      the Old Covenant and

c)      the Davidic Covenant?



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