Hell

Most humans believe their nations need prisons for criminals and traitors. But many of these same people reject the idea God would have a prison for those he regards as criminals and traitors. Also, multitudes of humans think that if they pretend to themselves there is no place of eternal punishment, then it will not exist.

Those people, who try to convince themselves and others that there is no place of punishment after death, remind me of someone who wants to commit crime. So he keeps imagining to himself and telling his friends that there are no criminal courts, judges and gaols here on Earth. In the end, he convinces himself and others of this lie. This is until one day he is arrested by the police.

In the original Greek New Testament, the main word used for “Hell” is “Gehenna” or “Geena”. The Greek word “Gehenna” or “Geena” is used in Matthew 5:22, 5:29, 5:30, 10:28, 18:9, 23:15, 23:33, Mark 9:43, 9:45, 9:47, Luke 12:5 and James 3:6. Matthew 18:8-9 states: “And if your hand or foot causes you to sin, cut it off and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life lame or maimed, rather than having two hand or two feet, to be cast into the everlasting fire. And if your eye causes you to sin, pluck it out and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye than having two eyes, to be cast into hell fire.”

Verse 8 above speaks of “everlasting fire” and verse 9 of “hell fire”. The word “hell” in the original Greek of verse 9 is “Gehenna”. By taking these two verses together, we can see “Gehenna” is the eternal place of punishment of all unrepentant unbelieving humans.

The same expression “everlasting fire” is used in Matthew 25:41 when it says this will be the final place of torment for Satan and his fallen angels: “Then He will also say to those on the left hand, ‘Depart from Me, you cursed, into the everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels.’” By cross-referencing, Matthew 25:41 with Revelation 20:10, we see the Lake of Fire spoken of in Revelation 20:10-14 is the same as Gehenna.

Mark 9:43-44 uses the word “Gehenna” in Greek and says it has a fire which never goes out: “And if your hand makes you sin, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life maimed, than having two hands, to go to hell, into the fire that shall never be quenched – where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched.” Gehenna can be seen here as a permanent place of suffering. Mark 9:46-48 speaks similarly about Gehenna.

Matthew 5:29-30 and 10:28 speak of the physical bodies and souls of the ungodly being cast into Gehenna. Matthew 10:28 states: “And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. But rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.”

After the Great Final Judgement, all of the ungodly will be thrown into Gehenna or the Lake of Fire (see Revelation 20:11-15). Matthew 5:29-30 and 10:28 show the ungodly will have their physical bodies resurrected previously. Acts 24:15 refers to the resurrection of the bodies of unbelievers. Those in Gehenna will have their spirit and body suffer eternally and not just their spirit.

 

Bible Study Questions

 

1.         In the original Greek New Testament, what are the two names of Hell?

2.         Who will suffer eternally in Hell with unrepentant unbelieving humans?

3.         Explain what Matthew 10:28 teaches.

 

 


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